These chemical messengers are emitted by cats to their congeners to regulate their behavior. How can man use them?
The pheromones give our small cats all sorts of practical information they know and if another cat has been there, what sex it is, etc. The best proof that cats attach great importance to this chemical language is that they spend a lot of time decoding pheromones left by other cats and depositing their own. To “read” a message, the cat “sniffs” it with its mouth half open, its upper lips raised, while emitting small clicking of teeth.and tongue movements. This behavior (called “flehmen”) brings a maximum of pheromones in contact with its Jacobson (or vomeronasal) organ located on the floor of the nasal cavity. In nature, these pheromone exchanges regulate social behavior. We understand why they are an asset for owners since they can use them to influence the behavior of their cat.
SOOTHING PHEROMONES USEFUL IN VETERINARY MEDICINE
Identification pheromones or soothing facial pheromones are emitted by small glands located between the corners of the lips and the base of the ears. It is to deposit them that the cat rubs against furniture, people (spatial identification) or another cat (group cohesion). These pheromones have a soothing function, provided they are present. Indeed, if they disappear from a cat’s territory (following a change of furniture, for example), this can cause anxiety in some of them.
These calming pheromones could be reproduced, synthetically, for veterinary use. They are recommended to “mark” a cat’s new territory, following a move, or to facilitate cohabitation with a newly adopted animal.
PHEROMONES TO COMMUNICATE
Territorial pheromones can be emitted through urine or scratching , thanks to small glands located in the foot pads and between the fingers. Scratching signals to other cats that they are entering a very private area. As for the pheromones emitted (particularly odorous) by the urine during a horizontal jet, they inform other cats about the sex of the emitting cat (male or
female), its age, its condition (hunting or not), etc.
Other pheromones are emitted in very specific situations: this is the case with alarm pheromones, produced by glands located in the foot pads and the anus. They are only “released” in reaction to fear or stress.intense. If other cats smell these alarm pheromones, panic is guaranteed. As some frightened cats emit it on the veterinarian’s table, it is in his interest to carefully clean it between two consultations …